Marsiglio (Marsilius) of Padua

Marsiglio (Marsilius) of Padua
(c. 1275–1342)
   Political Philosopher.
   Marsiglio was a native of Padua, Italy, and was educated there and in Paris. He is remembered as the author of Defensor Pacis in which he argued that the Church must be subordinate to the State. He maintained that because Jesus himself submitted to the secular powers, the Papacy had no business to interfere in the temporal world. The Church’s powers were of human origin, dating back to the Donation of constantine. The State, on the other hand, was the unifying element in society and it derived its powers ultimately from the people, who had the right to depose an unjust ruler. This was a radical doctrine for the fourteenth century and, after Marsiglio was identified as the author, he was compelled to seek the protection of the Emperor. He was formally excommunicated in 1327 and, after a short period as Imperial Vicar of Rome (while the Emperor had seized the city), he lived quietly for the rest of his life in Munich.
   E. Emerton, The Defensor Pacis of Marsiglio of Padua: A Critical Study (1920);
   N. Rubinstein, ‘Marsilius of Padua and Italian political thought of his time’, in J.R. Hale (ed.), Europe in the Late Middle Ages (1965).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Marsilius of Padua — • Physician and theologian, b. at Padua about 1270; d. about 1342 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Marsilius of Padua     Marsilius of Padua      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Marsilius von Padua — (* zwischen 1275 und 1290 in Padua; † 1342/43 in München; eigentlich: Marsiglio dei Mainardini) war Staatstheoretiker, Politiker und ein bedeutender Vertreter des scholastischen Aristotelismus. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marsilius of Padua — (Italian Marsilio or Marsiglio da Padova; (circa 1275 – circa 1342) was an Italian scholar, trained in medicine who practiced a variety of professions. He was also an important 14th century political figure. His political treatise Defensor pacis… …   Wikipedia

  • Marsilius of Padua — /mahr sil ee euhs/ c1280 1343?, Italian scholar and political theorist. Italian, Marsiglio dei Mainardini /mahrdd see lyaw de ee muy nahrdd dee nee/. * * * born с 1280, Padua, Kingdom of Italy died с 1343, Munich Italian political philosopher. He …   Universalium

  • Marsilius of Padua — (or Marsiglio, 1275/80–1342) Probably educated at Padua, Marsilius was rector of the university of Paris in 1313. His philosophical fame rests on Defensor Pacis (‘Defender of the Peace’, 1324, trs. under the same title, 1956), a devastating… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Marsilius of Padua — /maˈsɪliəs əv ˈpædʒuə/ (say mah sileeuhs uhv pajoohuh) noun (Marsiglio dei Mainardini), c.1290–c.1343, Italian political philosopher; his Defensor Paeis important political work of the Middle Ages …  

  • Marsilius of Padua — /mahr sil ee euhs/ c1280 1343?, Italian scholar and political theorist. Italian, Marsiglio dei Mainardini /mahrdd see lyaw de ee muy nahrdd dee nee/ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Marsilĭus — von Padua, politischer Schriftsteller, aus dem Hause der Raimondini, geb. nach 1270, studierte in Paris Philosophie, Theologie und Medizin und war 1312 Rektor der Universität in Paris. An dem besonders seit 1322 leidenschaftlich geführten Streit… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Padua (Begriffsklärung) — Padua steht für: (363) Padua, ein Asteroid des Hauptgürtels ein deutsches Großsegelschiff, bis 1945, seither als Krusenstern (Schiff) unter sowjetischer/russischer Flagge Padua (Didaktik), ein pädagogisches Konzept (PADUA) Padua ist der Name… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • МАРСИЛИЙ ПАДУАНСКИЙ — (Marsiglio (Marsilius) of Padua) (ок. 1275–ок. 1342) Философ, занимавшийся политикой. Изучал медицину и натурфилософию в Италии, был ректором Парижского университета (1312–13). Вместе с последователем Аристотеля (Aristotel) Джоном Лодунским… …   Политология. Словарь.

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”